Ils nous permettent de vous proposer la meilleure expérience possible. It abandoned its colony status and once again became a French department in 1946. [29], In 2017, the GDP per capita of French Guiana at market exchange rates, not at PPP, was US$18,313 (€16,218),[2] the highest in South America,[30] but only 46.7% of metropolitan France's average GDP per capita that year, and 55.5% of the metropolitan French regions outside the Paris Region. The Ligue de Football de la Guyane is a member of CONCACAF but not of FIFA, and the French Guiana football team finished third in the 2017 Caribbean Cup. This single French department has at least 98% of vertebrate fauna and 96% of vascular plants as found in all of France and its overseas territories. There is one elected, local executive body, the Assemblée de Guyane.[36]. [33] Guianan Catholics are part of the Diocese of Cayenne. Starting in 1960, the Tour of Guiana, an annual multiple stage bicycle race, is held. [25], French Guiana is heavily dependent on mainland France for subsidies, trade, and goods. Sécurité & Confidentialité. [26] In addition, the Guiana Space Centre has played a significant role in the local economy since it was established in Kourou in 1964: it accounted directly and indirectly for 16% of French Guiana's GDP in 2002 (down from 26% in 1994, as the French Guianese economy is becoming increasingly diversified). [...] Auf dem Weg in die Stadt betrat ich kurz den Laden des Chinesen, um Zigaretten zu kaufen. Le vol TX 571 suivant en partance de Cayenne et à destination de Paris partira lui à 22 h 45 au lieu de 19 h 20. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Join Facebook to connect with France Guyane and others you may know. Article 49 of the law proposed the creation of a single organization responsible for environmental conservation in French Guiana. French Guiana is the only territory of the mainland Americas to have full integration in a European country. This latter constituency is the largest in the French Republic by land area. The territory of the park covers some 33,900 km2 (13,090 sq mi) upon the communes of Camopi, Maripasoula, Papaïchton, Saint-Élie and Saül. The country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for French Guiana is .gf, but .fr is generally used instead. 67K likes. En cliquant sur Accepter, vous consentez à l'utilisation de ces cookies. avant le vol • avant le vol, désinfection systématique au gel hydroalcoolique ou lavage savon des mains du pilote et du passager. The main Asian communities are the Chinese (about 3–4%, primarily from Zhejiang Province and Guangdong Province in mainland China) and Hmong from Laos (1–2%). Guyane Française, un morceau de France en Amérique latine. France-Guyane, Cayenne. Its president is Rodolphe Alexandre. On 12 March 2010 a team of French soldiers and border police were attacked while returning from a successful operation, during which "the soldiers had arrested 15 miners, confiscated three boats, and seized 617 grams of gold... currently worth about $22,317". Log In Research is being actively pursued in multiple fields to determine how these enriched soils were historically created, and how this can be done in modern times. Île du Diable (Devil's Island) was the site of a small prison facility, part of a larger penal system by the same name, which consisted of prisons on three islands and three larger prisons on the mainland. Soil acidity is another cause of the poor soils, and it requires farmers to add lime to their fields. The soil characteristics have led to the use of slash and burn agriculture. Soon afterward the book was adapted for a Hollywood film of the same name. During the Revolution, the National Convention voted to abolish slavery in February 1794, months after the rebelling slaves had already announced the abolition of slavery in Saint-Domingue. [13], A border dispute with Brazil arose in the late 19th century over a vast area of jungle, resulting in the short-lived, pro-French, independent state of Counani in the disputed territory. 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With a land area of 83,534 km2 (32,253 sq mi), French Guiana is the second-largest region of France (it is more than one-seventh the size of Metropolitan France) and the largest outermost region within the European Union. Des visites guidées permettent de découvrir l’histoire de ce port spatial de l’Europe, qui met une dizaine de fusées en orbite chaque année. Generally, the Creole population is judged to be about 60–70% of the total population if Haitians (comprising roughly one-third of Creoles) are included, and 30–50% otherwise. The Maroons, descendants of escaped African slaves, live primarily along the Maroni River. Unemployment has been persistently high in the last few decades: 20% to 25% (22.3% in 2012). As elsewhere in France, the official language is standard French, but each ethnic community has its own language, of which French Guianese Creole, a French-based creole language, is the most widely spoken. As a part of France, French Guiana is part of the European Union and the Eurozone; its currency is the euro. In addition, a number of other local languages exist. Le dépaysement est assuré dans la vieille ville ou devant les étals du marché de la place Victor Schœlcher. [37] Soon after Operation Harpie Reinforce began, an altercation took place between French authorities and Brazilian miners. Guiana was designated as a French department in 1797. The Guiana Space Centre, located a short distance along the coast from Kourou, has grown considerably since the initial launches of the Véronique rockets. French Guiana, as part of France, forms part of the European Union – the largest landmass for an area outside of Europe (since Greenland left the European Community in 1985), with one of the longest EU external boundaries. Guyane française Route vers Saint Laurent du Maroni, Gopro / French Guiana Road to Saint Laurent - Duration: 22 ... Carnets de vol spécial Kourou (volet 2) - Duration: 26:01. It borders Brazil to the east and south and Suriname to the west. Vol à partir de 369 € A/R*. [43], The novel Papillon, by the French convict Henri Charrière, is set in French Guiana. The bridge was officially opened on March 18, 2017. Fewer than 10% survived their sentence.[11]. Vous pouvez à tout moment modifier vos préférences. French Guiana is divided into 2 arrondissements and 22 communes: French Guiana's main international airport is Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport, located in the commune of Matoury, a southern suburb of Cayenne. Port du masque obligatoire, lavage des mains avant et après le vol ou port de gants. A thriving rice production, developed on polders near Mana from the early 1980s to the late 2000s, has almost completely disappeared since 2011 due to marine erosion and new EU plant health rules which forbid the use of many pesticides and fertilizers. Among the military, police and security forces in French Guiana, are the following: At Easter, French Guianese people eat a traditional dish called Awara broth. [2] Social unrest in 2017 paralyzed the economy for several weeks and led to an economic recession (−1.9% in real terms), which sunk the GDP per capita that year. It was returned to France with the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1814. [20] Located within six degrees of the Equator and rising only to modest elevations, French Guiana is hot and oppressively humid all year round. Le Régime Minier aux Colonies, 1902, Vol. The people identified as Lokono. Er lag auf dem Weg. La même interdiction de principe s’applique pour les collectivités du Pacifique, qui ont été jusqu’alors relativement préservées de l’épidémie. Arrivée à * Dates de voyage * Voyage professionnel. Guiana (Guyane) was an overseas department of France and is now a French region (région), located at the central northern coast of South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean in north. It was intended to replace the Sahara base in Algeria and stimulate economic growth in French Guiana. As a French Overseas department, French Guiana is not a member of the Pan American Sports Organization; rather, athletes compete within the French National Olympic and Sports Committee and are governed by the Ligue d'Athlétisme de la Guyane, a sub-unit of the Fédération française d'athlétisme. [27] The Guiana Space Centre employed 1,659 people in 2012. Pour les vols internes, en Asie du Sud-Est par exemple, testez des comparateur de vols locaux car les comparateurs de vols européens n'intègrent pas toujours toutes les compagnies low-cost locales. Following a treaty between France and Brazil signed in July 2005, the Oyapock River Bridge over the Oyapock River was built and completed in 2011, becoming the first land crossing ever between French Guiana and the rest of the world (there exists no other bridge crossing the Oyapock River, and no bridge crossing the Maroni River marking the border with Suriname, although there is a ferry crossing to Albina, Suriname). France-Guyane was live. Air Caraibes Vols quotidiens au départ de Paris vers la Martinique et la Guadeloupe. The dispute was resolved largely in favour of Brazil by the arbitration of the Swiss government.[14]. 84,195 views; 3 years ago; 7:41. Corsair des vols départ de Paris, le lundi départ de Nantes et le mercredi départ de Toulouse vers la Martinique. French Guiana was originally inhabited by indigenous people: Kalina, Arawak, Galibi, Palikur, Teko, Wayampi and Wayana. The main Maroon groups are the Saramaca, Aucan (both of whom also live in Suriname), and Boni (Aluku). View the profiles of people named France Guyane. The flight time from Cayenne to Paris is 8 hours and 10 minutes, and from Paris to Cayenne it is 8 hours and 30 minutes. With its space center, it is at the height of modernity but is also a haven for eco-tourism. [citation needed] The main traditional industries are fishing (accounting for 5% of exports in 2012), gold mining (accounting for 32% of exports in 2012) and timber (accounting for 1% of exports in 2012). Please read the. [24], In 2017, the GDP of French Guiana at market exchange rates was US$5.18 billion (€4.59 billion),[2] ranking as the largest economy in the Guianas, and the 11th largest in South America. Page officielle du quotidien France-Guyane. View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the Vinyl release of Chants Et Danses Traditionnels De France Vol. Slavery was abolished in the colonies at the time of the French Revolution. Other groups from Asia include East Indians, Lebanese and Vietnamese. Since its publication there has been controversy over its accuracy. Page officielle du quotidien France-Guyane. The French Government and its agencies have responsibility for a wide range of issues that are reserved to the national executive power, such as defense and external relations. The soldiers fired warning shots and rubber "flash balls", but the miners managed to retake one of their boats and about 500 grams of gold. Celle des Hattes est aussi le lieu de ponte des imposantes tortues luth, qui y déposent leurs œufs de février à juillet. The micro-organisms would be much more numerous, especially in the north, which competes with the Brazilian Amazon, Borneo and Sumatra. There have been several phases launched by the French government to combat illegal gold mining in French Guiana, beginning with Operation Anaconda beginning in 2003, followed by Operation Harpie in 2008, 2009 and Operation Harpie Reinforce in 2010. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the European Union (EU) have recommended special efforts to protect these areas.[22]. The main groups living in the interior are the Maroons who are of African descent, and Amerindians. Fully integrated[according to whom?] The Forest Code of French Guiana was modified by ordinance on 28 July 2005. Today they have been replaced by livestock raising (essentially beef cattle and pigs) in the coastal savannas between Cayenne and the second-largest town, Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, and market gardening (fruits and vegetables) developed by the Hmong communities settled in French Guiana in the 1970s, both destined to the local market. [16], On March 20, 2017, French Guianese workers began going on strike and demonstrating for more resources and infrastructure. Becoming an instant bestseller, it was translated into English from the original French by June P. Wilson and Walter B. Michaels for a 1970 edition, and by author Patrick O'Brian. France-Guyane, Cayenne. French Guiana is the only territory of the mainland Americas to have full integration in a European country. La deuxième plus grande région de France mélange éco-tourisme et modernité dans le sillage de son centre spatial. Réservez un vol Guyane États-Unis Air France, comparez les tarifs des billets d'avion pour les États-Unis au départ de la Guyane. Les îles du Salut conservent la trace de cette histoire et permettent de visiter le bagne de Guyane. Before European contact, the territory was originally inhabited by Native Americans, most speaking the Arawak language, of the Arawakan language family. Si vous êtes en Guyane au moment d’un lancement, voir une fusée décoller depuis la jungle est un spectacle inoubliable !Un séjour en Guyane ne serait pas complet sans la découverte de ses superbes plages tropicales ! Consultez le site : www.franceguyane.fr Rédaction : 0594297010 French Guiana's highest peak is Bellevue de l'Inini in Maripasoula (851 m, 2,792 ft). La région compte 6 réserves nationales, dont celle des marais de Kaw-Roura, qu’on rejoint par voie fluviale. Tourism, especially eco-tourism, is growing. 16, Antilles - Guyane on Discogs. This is due to the presence of old-growth forests (i.e., ancient/primary forests), which are biodiversity hotspots. The President of France appoints a prefect (resident at the prefecture building in Cayenne) as his representative to head the local government of French Guiana. The vast majority of these are of French ancestry, though there are also people of Dutch, British, Spanish and Portuguese ancestry. . [2] A large part of French Guiana's economy derives from jobs and businesses associated with the presence of the Guiana Space Centre, now the European Space Agency's primary launch site near the equator. There are many rivers in French Guiana, including the Waki River. Estimates of the percentages of French Guiana ethnic composition are difficult to produce due to the presence of a large proportion of immigrants. The first French establishment is recorded in 1503, but France did not establish a durable presence until colonists founded Cayenne in 1643. As an integral part of France, its head of state is the President of the French Republic, and its head of government is the Prime Minister of France. ), The RSMAG Regiment (Adapted Military Service) of Guyana, located in, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 11:04. [44][45], Current administrative regions (since 2016), Former administrative regions (1982–2015), Outlying territories of European countries, Please help by moving some material from it into the body of the article. The beaches of the natural reserve of the Amana, the joint Awala-Yalimapo in the west, is an exceptional marine turtle nesting site. The department was considered suitable for the purpose because it is near the equator and has extensive access to the ocean as a buffer zone. [23] The coastal environment along the N1 has historically experienced the most changes, but development is occurring locally along the N2, and also in western French Guiana due to gold mining. Mai 2007 mit einem Flug von Paris-Orly nach Puerto auf Teneriffa. Logging remains moderate due to the lack of roads, difficult climate, and difficult terrain. Les vols tôt le matin ou tard le soir sont souvent également moins chers. Countries and dependencies of South America, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=French_Guiana&oldid=994371143, French-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1946, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages move-protected due to vandalism, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from August 2020, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from August 2020, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2014, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from January 2017, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1 (all overseas regions consist of a department in themselves. Agence de voyages; Destinations; Compagnies aériennes; Informations pratiques; 0 892 222 092; Service 100% Made in France . During most of the year, rainfall across the country is heavy due to the presence of the Intertropical Convergence Zone and its powerful thunderstorm cells. A chronic issue affecting French Guiana is the influx of illegal immigrants and clandestine gold prospectors from Brazil and Suriname. 98.9% of the land territory of French Guiana is covered by forests,[3] a large part of which is primeval rainforest. At the 2014 census, 57.3% of the inhabitants of French Guiana were born in French Guiana, 9.3% were born in Metropolitan France, 3.0% were born in the French Caribbean departments and collectivities (Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Martin, Saint Barthélemy), and 30.2% were born in foreign countries (primarily Suriname, Brazil and Haiti).[32]. [6][7] The region still faces such problems as illegal immigration, poorer infrastructure than mainland France, higher costs of living, higher levels of crime and more common social unrest.[8]. French Guiana (/ ɡ i ˈ ɑː n ə / or / ɡ i ˈ æ n ə /; French: Guyane) is an overseas department and region of France on the northern Atlantic coast of South America in the Guianas. Guyane Française, un morceau de France en Amérique latineTerre de contraste, la Guyane française est une destination de choix pour les passionnés de nature et de dépaysement. The Petit-Saut Dam, a hydroelectric dam in the north of French Guiana forms an artificial lake and provides hydroelectricity. Vincent Ogier, vingt ans, étudiant parisien en géologie, débarque en Guyane pour y effectuer un stage dans une société d’exploitation aurifère : Cayenor. Cayenne, la capitale, est un fascinant mélange de cultures, entre France, Brésil, Afrique et Asie. Der Betrieb begann am 12. But, after France gave up most of its territory in North America in 1803, it developed Guiana as a penal colony, establishing a network of camps and penitentiaries along the coast where prisoners from metropolitan France were sentenced to forced labour. There are also flights to Fort-de-France, Pointe-à-Pitre, Belém, and Fortaleza. Admirez notre nouvel Airbus A350-900, fraîchement posé sur le sol Guyanais. Consultez le site : www.franceguyane.fr Rédaction : 0594297010 Service commercial : 0694200668 It has a very low population density, with only 3.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (9.1/sq mi). The resulting ashes elevate soil pH (i.e., lower soil acidity), and contribute minerals and other nutrients to the soil. In addition, in the late nineteenth century, France began requiring forced residencies by prisoners who survived their hard labour. La Guyane française est actuellement en retard de 2:00 heures par rapport aux États-Unis (Washington).. Il n’y a pas de passage à l’heure d’été ni de passage à l’heure d’hiver en Guyane française. 10K likes. Logging concessions or free transfers are sometimes granted by local authorities to persons traditionally deriving their livelihood from the forest. 65K likes. As of the late 1990s, there was evidence of an uncontacted group of Wayampi. During operations as a penal colony beginning in the mid-19th century, France transported approximately 56,000 prisoners to Devil's Island. It is now operated by the CNES, Arianespace and the European Space Agency (ESA). French Guiana has a high level of biodiversity of both flora and fauna. The main Amerindian groups (forming about 3–4% of the population) are the Arawak, Carib, Emerillon (now called the Teko), Galibi (now called the Kaliña), Palikur, Wayampi and Wayana. It was first published in France in 1969, describing his escape from a penal colony there. Gefällt 70.649 Mal. Since December 2015 both the region and the department have been ruled by a single assembly within the framework of a new territorial collectivity, the French Guiana Territorial Collectivity (French: collectivité territoriale de Guyane). [not verified in body], During World War II and the fall of France to Nazi German forces, Félix Éboué was one of the first to support General Charles de Gaulle of Free France, as early as June 18, 1940. Agriculture is largely undeveloped and is mainly confined to the area near the coast and along the Maroni River. Rechercher les vols . Je m'abonne . Corsair assure aussi des liaisons sur la Guadeloupe, la Guyane et les iles voisines. There are two flights a day to Paris (Orly Airport), served by Air France and Air Caraïbes. It is now possible to drive on a fully paved road from Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni on the Surinamese border to Saint-Georges de l'Oyapock on the Brazilian border. It is largely responsible for the rapid population growth of French Guiana. [15] In a referendum that same year, French Guiana voted against autonomy. Countries with international borders to French Guiana are Brazil and Suriname. DIRECT - Vol TX 570, en provenance de Paris, devrait arriver ce soir avec trois heures de retard, soir à 20 h 30 au lieu de 17 h 10. French Guiana (/ɡiˈɑːnə/ or /ɡiˈænə/; French: Guyane [ɡɥijan]) is an overseas department and region of France on the northern Atlantic coast of South America in the Guianas. However, since the Brazilian government is yet to complete its border posts, only passenger vehicles will be allowed through the bridge for the time being. [39] The inauguration makes it possible to drive uninterrupted from Cayenne to Macapá, the capital of the state of Amapá in Brazil. The second largest region of France as it is known, blends modernity and the natural world. French Guiana lies between latitudes 3° and 6° N, and longitudes 51° and 55° W. It consists of two main geographical regions: a coastal strip where the majority of the people live, and dense, near-inaccessible rainforest which gradually rises to the modest peaks of the Tumuc-Humac mountains along the Brazilian frontier. Guyana, oficiálním názvem Guyanská kooperativní republika (anglicky Co-operative Republic of Guyana), je stát v Jižní Americe.Jeho sousední státy jsou Brazílie, Surinam a Venezuela.Je jediným státem Commonwealthu na jihoamerické pevnině. in the French central state in the 21st century, French Guiana is a part of the European Union, and its official currency is the euro. [5] In the late 1980s, more than 10,000 Surinamese refugees, mostly Maroons, arrived in French Guiana, fleeing the Surinamese Civil War. Terre de contraste, la Guyane française est une destination de choix pour les passionnés de nature et de dépaysement. France-Guyane, Cayenne. Air France utilise des cookies pour assurer le bon fonctionnement et la sécurité de nos sites.